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Research

Common Citation Formats

The Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style is most commonly used in humanities disciplines such as English, foreign languages, literary criticism and comparative literature, and cultural studies.

Example citations and paper used in the above Guide are original, but Diana Hacker's A Writer's Reference as well as Purdue OWL were used as a reference in the creation of this Guide. Some examples may have come from those works, below is the MLA Citation for those sources:

Hacker, Diana, and Nancy Sommers. A Writer's Reference. Bedford/St. Martin's, 2018.

The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2019.

The American Psychology Association (APA) citation style is most commonly used in disciplines such as social sciences, business, nursing, and education.  

Example citations and paper used in the above Guide are original, but Diana Hacker's A Writer's Reference as well as Purdue OWL were used as a reference in the creation of this Guide. Some examples may have come from those works, below is the MLA Citation for those sources:

Hacker, D., & Sommers, N. (2018). A writer's reference. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's.

Purdue Onlnine Writing Lab (n.d.). APA style. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_style_introduction.html 

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) citation style is most commonly used in humanities disciplines such as history and the arts.  

Example citations and paper used in the above Guide are original, but Diana Hacker's A Writer's Reference as well as Purdue OWL were used as a reference in the creation of this Guide. Some examples may have come from those works, below is the Chicago Citation for those sources:

Hacker, Diana, and Nancy Sommers. A Writer's Reference. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2018.

"Chicago Style Guide." The Purdue OWL. 
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/chicago_manual_17th_edition/cmos_formatting_and_style_guide
/chicago_manual_of_style_17th_edition.html 

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