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Common Citation Formats

The Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style is most commonly used in humanities disciplines such as English, foreign languages, literary criticism and comparative literature, and cultural studies.

Note: basic information and some examples of MLA citations are used from Diana Hacker's book A Writer's Reference and the Purdue Owl MLA Citation page.  See full citation below for more information.   

Hacker, Diana. "MLA Papers." A Writer’s Reference. Boston, MA: Bedford/St.Martin's, 2011. 371-440. Print. 

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. "MLA In-Text Citations: the basics." The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue University, 2008. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

The American Psychology Association (APA) citation style is most commonly used in disciplines such as social sciences, business, nursing, and education.  

Note: basic information and examples of APA citations are from Diana Hacker's book A Writer's Reference and the Purdue OWL APA Citation pages.  See full citation below for more information.  

Hacker, D. (2011). "APA and CMS Papers." A Writer’s Reference. Boston, MA: Bedford/St.Martin's. pp. 443-537

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. (2008) "APA Formatting and Style Guide." The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) citation style is most commonly used in humanities disciplines such as history and the arts.  

Note: Basic information and examples for the Chicago Manual of Style citation styler were used from Diana Hacker's excellent book A Writer's Reference.  See full citation below for more information.

Diana Hacker, "APA and CMS Papers." A Writer’s Reference (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2009), 443-537.  

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