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POL 210: Comparative Politics: Citing Sources


The Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style is most commonly used in humanities disciplines such as English, foreign languages, literary criticism and comparative literature, and cultural studies.


The American Psychology Association (APA) citation style is most commonly used in disciplines such as social sciences, business, nursing, and education.  


The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) citation style is most commonly used in humanities disciplines such as history and the arts.

The examples below are for the Notes and Bibliography (NB) style.

Citing Graphs & Tables

In MLA Citation format tables, graphs, and other figures appear directly embedded in the document. Each figure must include a label, a number, a caption and/or source information.

  • The figure label and number appears in two places: the in-text reference in the paper (e.g. see fig. 1) and near the figure itself (Fig. 1).
  • Captions provide titles or explanatory notes.
  • Source information documentation depends on the medium of the source figure. If you provide source information with all of your figures, you do not need to provide this information on the Works Cited page.

Source information is listed in note form in the following format:

Figure from a Book
Author First name, Last name, Source title, Publisher, Year of Publication, p. #.

Figure from a Website
Website author(s); Title of the webpage/document; Website publisher, DD, Mon. YYYY; figure #.

Note that for websites or other sources in which long pieces of like information is listed, separate information by a semi-colon instead of a comma.  


The table should be situated near to the text in which it relates. Align the table flush-left and label it "Table #" with the # being its corresponding number. No punctuation is necessary after the label and number.​ On the next line, provide a caption for the table. This will most often the table title as it appears in the original source. The table should then come after the the number and caption. Below the table the citation for the table should appear. Label it first with "Source:" followed by the citation. 

All labels, captions, and notes are double-spaced.

All visuals that are not tables are labeled as Figure or Fig. Similar to tables, refer to the figure first in-text and label it "Figure #" with the # being its corresponding number. ​Below the figure, provide a label name and its corresponding number, followed by a period. Ex. Fig. 1.  ​

On the same line as the figure label, provide the title and/or caption as well as the relevant source information in note form. If the source information is provided immediately following the figure you do not need to include it in the Works Cite page.

General Resources

Reference Books


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